Maximising Efficiency: A Guide to Properly Burning Pellets

Posted by Premier Fuel on 8th Nov 2023

Maximising Efficiency: A Guide to Properly Burning Pellets

Pellet stoves and boilers have gained popularity as efficient and eco-friendly heating solutions. However, ensuring that your pellets burn efficiently is essential for both optimal performance and reduced environmental impact. In this blog, we'll explore actionable tips to help you make sure your pellets are burning efficiently, providing you with cost savings and contributing to a greener future.

1. Choose High-Quality Pellets

The foundation of efficient pellet burning starts with selecting high-quality pellets. Look for pellets made from pure wood without additives or binders. Premium pellets have consistent sizes, low moisture content (typically around 6-8%), and uniform density. These factors ensure a clean burn and minimal ash production.

2. Store Pellets Properly

Proper pellet storage is crucial to maintain their quality. Keep pellets in a dry, cool, and well-ventilated area, away from direct sunlight and moisture. Humidity can cause pellets to deteriorate and lose their efficiency.

3. Clean and Maintain Your Appliance

Regular maintenance of your pellet stove or boiler is vital for efficient burning. Clean the burn pot, ash traps, and exhaust pipes regularly to prevent the build-up of ash and creosote, which can hinder combustion and reduce efficiency.

4. Adjust Air Flow

The correct air flow is essential for efficient pellet combustion. Follow your appliance's guidelines to adjust the air intake and exhaust settings. Proper air control ensures complete combustion, minimizing the production of unburned pellets and reducing emissions.

5. Monitor Pellet Consumption

Monitoring how quickly your pellet supply is being consumed can give you insights into your appliance's efficiency. If pellets are burning too rapidly, it might indicate an air flow issue or the use of low-quality pellets. If they're burning slowly, adjustments may be needed to optimize combustion.

6. Regularly Inspect and Clean the Chimney

A clean and properly functioning chimney is essential for efficient pellet burning. Schedule regular chimney inspections and cleanings to prevent blockages and ensure proper draft for combustion.

7. Use the Right Amount of Pellets

Overloading your appliance with pellets can hinder combustion efficiency. Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for pellet quantity, and avoid overloading the burn pot.

8. Check for Proper Ignition

Ensure that the pellets ignite properly when you start your appliance. If you experience ignition issues, it might be due to airflow problems, dirty components, or low-quality pellets.

9. Consider a Programmable Thermostat

Investing in a programmable thermostat can help you regulate the heat output of your pellet stove or boiler more effectively. This prevents unnecessary cycling and maintains a consistent and efficient burn.

10. Seek Professional Maintenance

Annual professional maintenance can identify and address any issues that might be affecting your pellet appliance's efficiency. Technicians can clean and tune your appliance, ensuring it operates at its best.


Efficient pellet burning is not only about getting the most out of your heating appliance but also about minimizing environmental impact. By selecting high-quality pellets, maintaining your appliance, optimizing air flow, and following these tips, you can ensure that your pellets burn efficiently, providing you with comfortable warmth and contributing to a more sustainable and eco-friendly energy solution.